Mamluks

   Dynasty of sultans that ruled Egypt (qq.v.) from 1250 until the Ottoman (q.v.) conquest in 1517. The dynastic name derives from the Turkish slave (mamluk in Arabic) bodyguard of the last Ayyubid sultan (qq.v.) of Cairo. The overthrow of the Ayyubids in 1250 is described in gripping detail in Joinville's Life of Saint Louis. Mamluk sultan Baybars (1260-1277) defeated the Mongol (q.v.) army of Hulagu at Ayn Jalut in 1260, becoming master of Syria (q.v.) in the process. The Mamluks next concentrated on ejecting the Crusaders from the Holy Land, which they did with the conquest of Acre in 1291.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • MAMLUKS — (lit. slaves), a military class which ruled egypt from 1250 to 1517 and syria (including palestine ) from 1260 to 1516. Under the Mamluk sultans in Egypt and Syria, local Jews often suffered at the hands of government officials and Muslim zealots …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Art d'Egypte et de Syrie des Fatimides aux Mamluks — Art d Égypte et de Syrie des Fatimides aux Mamelouks Histoire de l art Série Arts de l Islam Périodes Art omeyyade Art abbasside Art fatimide Iran autonome …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mamluk identity — The birth of the Mamluk System during the Abbasid PeriodAl Mu tasim was the first Caliph to depend on the Turkish Slaves Soldiers (Ghulams), when as Amir he bought around 3000 Ghulams. They were Turkish prisoners of war, captured in Central Asia …   Wikipedia

  • Mamluk — For other uses, see Mamluk (disambiguation). An Egyptian Mamluk in full armor and armed with lance, shield, sabre and pistols. A Mamluk (Turkish: Memlük, also called Kölemen; Arabic: مملوك (singular), مماليك mamālīk (plural), owned ; also… …   Wikipedia

  • Franco-Mongol alliance — 1305 letter (a roll measuring 302 by 50 centimetres (9.91 by 1.6 ft)) from the Ilkhan Mongol Öljaitü to King Philip IV of France, suggesting military collaboration …   Wikipedia

  • Egypt — /ee jipt/, n. 1. Arab Republic of. a republic in NE Africa. 64,791,891; 386,198 sq. mi. (1,000,252 sq. km). Cap.: Cairo. Arabic, Misr. Formerly (1958 71), United Arab Republic. 2. an ancient kingdom in NE Africa: divided into the Nile Delta… …   Universalium

  • Shajar al-Durr — (Arabic: شجر الدر, Strings of Pearls ) [ Shajar al Durr s name also spelled and pronounced as Shajarat al Durr . Her coins carried the name Shajarat al Durr. See under Coins of Shajar al Durr. ] [ As the letter G ج is pronounced as J in Arabic… …   Wikipedia

  • Mongol invasions of Syria — the Mamluk Ilkhanid War 1260 Mongol offensives in the Levant …   Wikipedia

  • Armeno-Mongol alliance — [ thumb|Cilician Armenia was bordered by the Mongol Ilkhanate to the east, and the Crusader state of the Principality of Antioch to the South, another ally of the Mongols.] The Armeno Mongol alliance [Claude Mutafian describes The Armeno Mongol… …   Wikipedia

  • Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo) — For other uses of the word Mamluk (Turks), see Mamluk. For the sultanate in Delhi, see Mamluk Sultanate (Delhi) Mamluk Sultanate سلطنة المماليك Sulṭanat al Mamālīk ← …   Wikipedia

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